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History of Hygiene
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A brief history of…DETERGENT

1916: The first synthetic detergent was developed in Germany, driven by the war-related shortage of fats (required to make soap). It was used for dishwashing and fine fabric laundering.

1946: A breakthrough for all-purpose laundry! The first “built” detergent (a combination of surfactant & builder ingredients) was able to deal with highly soiled items. "Builders" are ingredients that enhance the action of surfactants by softeneing "hard" water, and by helping prevent soils in solution from redepositing. Some builders also provide alkalinity.

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Lightbulb  Newer innovations have focussed on efficiency and ease of use, consumer and environmental safety, and specialised needs:

1950s: Auto dishwash powder, liquid laundry detergent, all-purpose cleaning products, rinse-cycle fabric softeners, detergent with oxygen bleach.

1960s: Prewash soil and stain removers, laundry powders with enzymes, enzyme presoaks.

1970s: Liquid hand soaps, in-wash fabric softeners, combined wash/fabric softener.

1980s: Detergents for cooler water washing, auto-dishwash liquids, concentrated laundry powders.

1990s: Ultraconcentrated powder and liquid detergents, product refills.




useful stuff...

How Australian pandemics have changed! The 1919 Spanish Flu pandemic caused over 10,000 deaths in Australia,14 whereas the 2009-10 H1N1 pandemic ("Swine Flu") caused 191 deaths.15 English knights were required to bathe at least once in their lives - during the ritual of their knighthood ceremony. Because of this tradition, during the reign of King Henry IV there originated an order called "Knights of the Bath".16 The term "shampoo" came from Indian language and originally meant "massage".17 English society ladies held vacuuming parties after invention of the horse-drawn electric vacuum in 1901.18
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