Ancient Egypt: Creams and oils were used as skin moisturisers, providing protection from the hot, dry climate.
200 BC : The first cold cream? Ancient Roman Physician, Galen, developed a cold cream by melting beeswax into rose oil and then adding water.
Ancient Greece: Athletes used olive oil and fine sand to help protect the skin from the sun.
4th/5th C: Indian women used a treatment of flour or wheat husk mixed with milk to exfoliate the skin.
1100s: Moisturiser. Hildegarde of Bingen provided an early recipe for facial moisturiser: cook barley in water, strain through a cloth, and bathe the face with this water.
Other known moisturisers included: animal fats (Native America), avocado (Latin America), and palm oil (Brazil, Africa).
Developments towards modern-day skin care
Early 1880s: Dr Fleet of the USA invented lip balm. He then sold his recipe for $5 and Chapstick production began from a domestic kitchen in 1912.
Late 19th C: Manufactured body creams used ingredients such as petroleum jelly, mineral oil and lanolin.
1930s: The first sunscreen? Two separate inventors, Chemists Eugene Schueller and Franz Greiter, are credited with development of the first sunscreens. 1940: The first zinc sun cream was developed. 1962: The “Sun Protection Factor” (SPF) was developed by Franz Greiter as a way to measure a product's ability to block ultraviolet rays. 1980: The first UVA/UVB sunscreen was developed.
Today, there is an extensive range of skincare products including body washes, gels, lotions and exfoliants; facial cleansers, toners, treatments and moisturisers; and specialised products for the lips, hands and nails. There is also a broad range of sun protection products.